You had surgery to remove all of your prostate, some tissue near your prostate, and probably some lymph nodes. This was done to treat prostate cancer.
Your surgeon may have made an incision (cut) either in the lower part of your belly or in the area between your scrotum and anus (open surgery).
Your surgeon may have used a robot or a laparoscope (a thin tube with a tiny camera on the end).
What Expect at Home
You may be tired and need more rest for 3 to 4 weeks after you go home. You may have pain or discomfort in your belly or the area between your scrotum and anus for 2 to 3 weeks.
You will go home with a catheter (tube) to drain urine from your bladder. This will be removed after 1 to 3 weeks.
Change the dressing over your surgical wound once a day, or sooner if it becomes soiled. Your doctor will tell you when you do not need to keep your wound covered. Keep the wound area clean by washing it with mild soap and water.
You may remove the wound dressings and take showers if sutures, staples, or glue were used to close your skin. Cover the incision with plastic wrap before showering for the first week if you have tape (Steri-Strips) over it.
Do NOT soak in a bathtub or hot tub, or go swimming, as long as you have a catheter. You can do these activities after the catheter is removed.
Your scrotum may be swollen for 2 to 3 weeks. You may need to wear either a support or brief underwear until the swelling goes away. While you are in bed, you may use a towel below your scrotum for support.
You may feel spasms in your bladder. Your doctor can give you medicine for this.
You will need to make sure your indwelling catheter is working properly. You will also need to know how to clean the tube and the area where it attaches to your body so that you do not get an infection or skin irritation.
The urine in your drainage bag may be a darker red color. This is normal.
After your catheter is removed:
You may have burning when you pee, blood in the urine, frequent urination, and an urgent need to urinate.
You may have some urine leakage (incontinence). This should improve over time. You should have almost normal bladder control within 3 to 6 months.
Do NOT drive the first 3 weeks after you come home. Avoid long car trips if you can. If you need to take a long car trip, stop at least every 2 hours.
Do NOT lift anything heavier than a 1-gallon milk jug for the first 6 weeks. You can slowly work back up to your normal exercise routine after that. You can do everyday activities around the house if you feel up to it. But expect to get tired more easily.
Drink at least 8 glasses of water a day, eat a lot of fruits and vegetables, and take stool softeners to prevent constipation. Do NOT strain during bowel movements.
Do NOT take aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), naproxen (Aleve, Naprosyn), or other similar medicines for 2 weeks after your surgery. They may cause problems with blood clots.
Sexual Problems after Surgery
Sexual problems you may notice are:
Your erection may not be as rigid. Some men are not able to have an erection.
Your orgasm may not be as intense or pleasurable as before.
You may notice no semen at all when you have an orgasm.
These problems may get better or even go away, but it may take many months or more than a year. The lack of an ejaculate (semen coming out with orgasm) will be permanent. Ask your doctor about medicines that will help.
When to Call the Doctor
Call your doctor or nurse if:
You have pain in your belly that does not go away when you take your pain medicines.
It is hard to breathe.
You have a cough that does not go away.
You cannot drink or eat.
Your temperature is above 100.5 °F.
Your surgical cuts are bleeding, red, warm to the touch, or have a thick, yellow, green, or milky drainage.
You have signs of infection (burning sensation when you urinate, fever, or chills).
Your urine stream is not as strong or you cannot pee at all.
You have pain, redness, or swelling in your legs.
While you have a urinary catheter, call your doctor if:
You have pain near the catheter.
You are leaking urine.
You notice more blood in your urine.
Your catheter seems blocked.
You notice grit or stones in your urine.
Your urine smells bad, or it is cloudy or a different color.
Your catheter has fallen out.
Smith JA, Su L. Laparoscopic and robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy. In: Wein AJ, ed. Campbell-Walsh Urology. 10th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 103.
Louis S. Liou, MD, PhD, Chief of Urology, Cambridge Health Alliance, Visiting Assistant Professor of Surgery, Harvard Medical School. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Bethanne Black, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.