Mental confusion, change in the level of alertness, or coma (hepatic encephalopathy)
Other complications of liver cirrhosis
When to Contact a Medical Professional
If you have ascites, call your health care provider right away if you have:
Fever above 100.5F, or a fever that does not go away
Blood in your stool or black, tarry stools
Blood in your vomit
Bruising or bleeding that occurs more easily
Build-up of fluid in your belly
Swollen legs or ankles
Confusion or problems staying awake
Yellow color in your skin and whites of your eyes (jaundice)
Runyon BA. Ascites and spontaneous bacterial peritonitis. In: Feldman M, Friedman LS, Brandt LJ, eds. Sleisenger & Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease. 9th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2010:chap 91.
Runyon BA; AASLD Practice Guidelines Committee. Management of adult patients with ascites due to cirrhosis: Update 2012. American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases. 2013.
Mehta G, Rothstein KD. Health maintenance issues in cirrhosis. Med Clin North Am. 2009;93:901-915.
Garcia-Tsao G. Cirrhosis and its sequelae. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Medicine. 24th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 156.
George F. Longstreth, MD, Department of Gastroenterology, Kaiser Permanente Medical Care Program, San Diego, California. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Bethanne Black, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team.